– Will leave no stone unturned to create a vibrant India.
– We wish to provide an investment friendly taxation system: Arun Jaitley
– We are targetting 7-8% growth rate: Jaitley
– The steps I will announce are beginning of journey we wish to take for macro economic stabilisation: Jaitley
– There are green shoots of recovery in global economy, says Jaitley.
– People have voted for a change; India desires to grow says (FM) ArunJaitley.
– Solar Power equipment manufactured in India to become cheaper.
– Clean Energy cess increased from Rs 50/ tonne to Rs 100/tonne.
– Basic custom duty on LED panel below 19 inches made nil.
– Organic farming will be promoted in North East.
– NRI fund for conservation of river Ganga to be set up.
– Biotech clusters to be set up in Bengaluru, Faridabad to take science and technology to new heights.
– Rs 100 crore for cleaner thermal power technology.
– Ultra modern power projects to be taken up in Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Ladakh with Rs 500 crore.
– FM proposes to set up `hastkala academy` for revival of handicraft, Rs 30 crore set aside.
– Govt will initiate scheme to provide a soil health card; Rs 100 crore set aside.
– Rs 15,000 crore allocated for urban renewal, which will address drinking water, use of recycled water.
– MNREGA will be made more productive. It will be linked to agriculture-related activities.
– Rs 3,600 crore set aside for National Rural Drinking Water.
– FM proposes to launch “Swach Bharat Abhiyaan”.
– `Pradhanmantri krishi sichayin yojana` to be started for irrigation.
– A national multiscale programme called Skill India to be introduced to provide training and support for employment.
Effects of Global Warming:
It’s Sad but True!
Global warming is more severe and much faster in Alaska than in the rest of the world. It means that Alaska’s beautiful tundra could disappear completely if the temperatures continue to increase.
We are not promoting the below mentioned destinations, it’s hard core fact about these disappearing destinations within in this century. Our message is
“please take the steps in which ever way you could, to Save our only Planet”
#1 DEAD SEA
Renowned for its awesome beauty products that could make anyone look younger, the Dead Sea is one of the great places to visit before they disappear. In the next 50 years, you will not be able to find Dead Sea products. The thing is that the sea is shrinking at an alarming rate. When you visit the Dead Sea today, you see that all hotels and resorts that once were on the coast are a mile away from where the sea lies these days.
The Dead Sea beaches are well known throughout the globe. The high salt levels allow you to float on your back and enjoy the wonderful view surrounding the sea. The climate varies depending on the season. During the tourist season temperatures can become extremely warm, ranging from 30°C in the spring to 40°C in the summer. The shores of the Dead Sea have something to offer for every age and every taste.
#2 MALDIVES ISLANDS
The Maldives is the smallest Asian country in both land area and population. The islands of Maldives are also the lowest nation in the world. With 80% of the islands less than one meter above sea level, within 100 years the Maldives could be uninhabitable since they could be underwater.
In fact, there are many reasons to visit the Maldives today. The great number of atolls makes it a perfect place for snorkeling and scuba diving among the native marine life. Kayaking, canoeing, surfing and rock climbing are another amazing activities to enjoy while on holiday.
#3 MADAGASCAR ISLAND
Madagascar is world-famous for its lemurs. Over 20 different species of lemurs and the 80% of the wildlife and plants that are found in Madagascar are not found anywhere else in the world. If nothing is done to save the island, it will disappear in 35 years. The ecosystem is being destroyed by poaching, logging, and burning for subsistence farms.
Madagascar is just a perfect place to embrace a simpler way of life. The only noises you will hear are the birds and the waves. Diving is another reason why so many people visit Madagascar. Clear warm water, vibrant ocean life and unusual underwater rock formations make this island a true diver’s paradise!
Venice has sunk 9 inches in the last 100 years. Just imagine, 9 inches! Even though officials are trying to stop the sinking, there’s not much to be done. Scientists estimate that in 70 years, Venice will be underwater. Probably, that’s why tourism has jumped dramatically since 2007!
If you are an Italian-cuisine-loving gourmand, you should definitely consider visiting Venice. Its cuisine will please you with its simplicity of dishes and focus on fresh local seasonal ingredients. Go to one of the out-of-the-way restaurants, listen to what the locals order, and order the same thing, that’s a truly amazing experience!
#5 GREAT BARRIER REEF
The world’s largest coral reef, the Great Barrier Reef is another fabulous place to visit before it disappears. The continuing rising of ocean temperatures, cyclones, coral bleaching, and water pollution are destroying the reef every year. Experts estimate that about 60% of the reef may be lost by 2030. Sadly, those 8,000 years of natural creation could vanish within your lifetime. So make sure to see the Great Barrier Reef before it disappears.
The opportunity to visit the tropical city of Cairns is probably the best thing about taking a trip up to the Great Barrier Reef. Cairns is the city where the summer never ends, so you can enjoy your holiday any time of the year. And if you like whale watching, Cairns is an ideal for whale as well as dolphin watching, as there are 30 different species of whale and dolphin live in the reef.
#6 THE CONGO BASIN
The second largest rainforest in the world after the Amazon, the Congo Basin spans across six Central African countries. It is a collection of forests, rivers, swamps and savannas. It’s also responsible for 40% of the world’s oxygen. The United Nations has estimated that more than 2/3 of the forest and its plants and animals could disappear by 2040. Illegal logging, mining, ranching, farming, and guerrilla warfare are destroying the basin yearly.
#7 MOUNT APLS
One of the great mountain range systems of Europe, the Alps are well worth a visit. There are many resorts including Saalbach in Austria, Oberstdorf, in Bavaria, Chamonix in France, Cortina d’Ampezzo in Italy, and Davos in Switzerland recording over a million visitors every year.
In the past century, the Alps have lost about half their glacial ice because of increasing temperatures. Since the 1980s, the glaciers have lost 20% of their size. If the temperatures continue to increase, the Alps will disappear in the next 40 years!
#8 GLACIER NATIONAL PARK
A little more than 100 years ago, the Glacier National Park had more than a 150 glaciers strewn throughout it. Nowadays, there are only 27 glaciers, which could disappear by 2030. There are also more than 1,500 species of animals and plants that could be lost. That’s why I decided to take a road trip and do a little camping in the Glacier National Park to experience its beauty and wonders.
A massive and untouched land in South America, Patagonia could be greatly altered by global warming. Because of increasing temperatures and precipitation declines many of its glaciers are steadfastly retreating. Maybe this land won’t vanish entirely, but its landscape will soon be changed beyond recognition if climate change persists.
When you travel to Patagonia, make sure you visit the main tourist attractions like the Valdés Peninsula, the Perito Moreno glacier, Torres del Paine National Park, Ushuaia and Argentina’s Lake District. If you are interested in Patagonian cuisine, it’s greatly the same as the cuisine of Buenos Aires – pasta and grilled meats with different local ingredients. Lamb, grilled over an open fire, is considered the traditional meat of Patagonia.
#10 ALASKAN TUNDRA
According to experts at the University of Berkley, the Alaskan tundra is the coldest biome in the world. Permafrost, low temperatures, and little nutrients in the soil prevent many kinds of plants and trees from growing. Alaskan tundra is definitely one of the most beautiful places to visit before they vanish!
Govt of Tamil Nadu has launched Solar powered Green House Scheme. Under this scheme 3 lakh houses will be constructed with solar powered lighting systems over a period of 5 years from 2011-12 to 2015-16 for the benefit of poor in rural areas.
For the year 2011-12, 60,000 Houses have been taken up and solar powers lighting systems are provided at an estimated cost of Rs.180 Cr. Out of 180 Cr the eligible subsidy from Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, GOI will be appx Rs.42.6 Cr
For the year 2012-13 , 60,000 Houses have been takenup and are being provided with 49650 CFL based , 10,350 LED based solar power lighting system at an estimated cost of Rs 180 Cr. With approximately Rs 39.42 Cr subsidy from MNRE .
Read Full Article: http://www.teda.in/site/index/id/8V8D7T2N1K
1. SOIL EROSION & DESERTIFICATION
2. WATER SCARCITY
4. LOSS OF BIODIVERSITY
6. CLIMATE CHANGE
SOIL EROSION & DESERTIFICATION
Unsustainable industrial agriculture practices have resulted in soil erosion and degradation that leads to less arable land, clogged and polluted waterways, increased flooding and desertification. According to the World Wildlife Fund, half of the earth’s topsoil has been lost in the last 150 years.
What You Can Do: Support sustainable agriculture that puts people and the planet above profit. Show your support for sustainable agriculture by signing this Greenpeace campaign for “a global food system that feeds people, enables the small farmer to thrive, protects the soil, water and climate, and promotes biodiversity. This is a system free from genetic engineering and chemical-intensive agriculture.” On a smaller scale, you can make a difference in your backyard by switching to non-toxic green pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers, corn gluten organic fertilizer.
As the population increases and climate change causes more droughts, water scarcity is becoming more of an issue. Only three percent of the world’s water is fresh water and 1.1 billion people lack access to clean, safe drinking water. As the current drought in California dramatically shows, access to water is not just an issue for developing countries but the United States as well.
What You Can Do: Just as energy efficiency is considered an important solution to the issues of climate change and pollution, water efficiency can help us deal with water scarcity. Some ideas to be more water efficient include installing an ENERGY STAR-certified washer, using low-flow faucets, plugging up leaks, irrigating the lawn in the morning or evening when the cooler air causes less evaporation, taking shorter showers and not running sink water when brushing your teeth. Also, consider using non-toxic cleaning products and eco-friendly pesticides and herbicides that won’t contaminate groundwater.
Air pollution and climate change are closely linked, as the same greenhouse gas emissions that are warming the planet are also creating smoggy conditions in major cities that endanger public health. If you’ve seen horrifying images of pollution-choked Chinese cities and think the smog is isolated to Beijing or Shanghai, think again.
Water and soil pollution might not get the media attention that air pollution does, but they are still important public health concerns. According to the Natural Resources Defense Council, dirty water is the world’s biggest health risk.
Soil contamination is a major issue across the world. In China, nearly 20 percent of arable land has been contaminated by toxic heavy metals. Soil pollution threatens food security and poses health risks to the local population. The use of pesticides and fertilizers are also major factors in soil pollution
What You Can Do: Many of the solutions to air pollution are similar to those for climate change, though it’s important to either make a concerted effort to drive less, or switch to a lower-emissions vehicle. Switching over to green energy is also important, as that will cut back on fossil fuel emissions.
LOSS OF BIODIVERSITY
Increasing human encroachment on wildlife habitats is causing a rapid loss of biodiversity that threatens food security, population health and world stability. Climate change is also a major contributor to biodiversity loss, as some species aren’t able to adapt to changing temperatures. According to the World Wildlife Fund’s Living Planet Index, biodiversity has declined 27 percent in the last 35 years.
What You Can Do: As consumers we can all help protect biodiversity by purchasing products that don’t harm the environment. Next time you are at the grocery store, check to see if food packaging contains any of the eco-label. Also, reusing, recycling and composting are easy ways to protect biodiversity.
Forest are important to mitigating climate change because they serve as “carbon sinks,” meaning that they absorb CO2 that would otherwise escape into the atmosphere and worsen global warming. It is estimated that 15 percent of total greenhouse gas emissions come from deforestation. Cutting down trees also threatens animals and humans who rely on healthy forests to sustain themselves, and the loss of tropical rainforests is particularly concerning because around 80 percent of the world’s species reside in these areas. About 17 percent of the Amazon rainforest has been cut down in the past 50 years to make way for cattle ranching. That’s a double whammy for the climate because cattle flatulence is a major source of methane gas, which contributes more to short term climate change than carbon emissions.
What You Can Do: You can support organizations, stop using paper towels and use washable cloths instead, use cloth shopping bags (instead of paper), and look at labels to make sure you only use certified wood and paper products. You can also boycott products made by palm oil companies that contribute to deforestation in Indonesia and Malaysia.
While 97 percent of climate scientists agree that climate change is occurring and greenhouse gas emissions are the main cause, political will has not been strong enough so far to initiate a massive policy shift away from fossil fuels and toward sustainable forms of energy. Perhaps more extreme weather events such as droughts, wildfires, heat waves and flooding will convince the public to put more pressure on policymakers to act urgently to curb carbon emissions and address this issue before it’s too late.
What You Can Do: Your home and transportation could be major sources of greenhouse gas emissions. A certified home energy audit can help make your home more energy efficient. If you commute via biking, walking or public transportation you are doing your part to fight global warming, but if you must own a motor vehicle, consider trading in your gas guzzler for a fuel efficient hybrid or better yet—go electric. When you fly, make sure to reduce your carbon footprint from air miles traveled with carbon offsets.
What is a Green Building ?
A green building can be defined as any building that is sited, designed, constructed, operated and maintained for the health and well-being of the occupants, while minimizing impact on the environment.
A green building is a structure whose environmental responsibility and resource-efficiency spans its entire
life-cycle. It enables the efficient use of resources, protection of occupant health & improvement of productivity and reduction of waste, pollution & environment degradation.
The aim of a green building design is to
- Minimize the demand on non-renewable resources
- Maximize utilization efficiency of these resources when in use
- Maximize the reuse, recycling and utilization of renewable resources
Why Green Building ?
An extensive amount of energy is consumed to heat and power our buildings. This energy is mainly generated from burning fossil fuels like oil, coal and natural gas that let out huge amounts of Carbon Dioxide (CO2), the most widespread greenhouse gas. There are also other ways in which buildings emit Greenhouse Gases (GHG), like construction debris in landfills generating methane and manufacturing of building materials causing GHG emissions.
In India, the construction sector is growing at a rate of 9%, causing a rapid rise in energy demand in urban areas where buildings alone contribute about 40% of the total GHG emissions. Hence it becomes imperative to reduce the energy use and GHG emissions produced by buildings so that the pace of global climate change has a slowdown.
Energy efficient buildings or green buildings, address the above concerns and save energy by about 40%.
- Enhance and protect biodiversity and ecosystems
- Improve air and water quality
- Reduce waste streams
- Conserve and restore natural resources
- Reduce operating costs
- Create, expand, and shape markets for green product and services
- Improve occupant productivity
- Optimize life-cycle economic performance
- Enhance occupant comfort and health
- Heighten aesthetic qualities
- Minimize strain on local infrastructure
- Improve overall quality of life
LOCATE GREEN BUILDINGS IN INDIA HERE:
choose Green Products for green buildings
Green buildings too are constructed using a variety of materials. The only difference being that – The materials come packed with a great deal of energy-efficiency. Therefore, green buildings not only minimize the use of non-renewable resources, but also maximize the reuse, recycling and utilization of renewable resources.
The opportunities to reduce the environmental and health impacts of our homes span from big decisions, like location, to seemingly small decisions, like paint and light bulbs. The products we use to clean, light, furnish, renovate, and build our homes must be a part of the greening process. Reducing our environmental impacts requires thinking and learning about not just how we use products, but where they came from and where they’re going. Consider factors like:
- Energy used to make, ship, and use a product;
- The product’s contents and the sources of its raw materials;
- Emissions during manufacturing the product and the level and type of toxins in the final product; and
- The product’s durability (lifespan) and recyclability.
These are just some of the impacts a product has on the environment from “cradle to grave” during its “lifecycle.” The five main stages in the lifecycle of a material or product are: raw material acquisition, manufacturing, distribution, use, and end-of-life management. Attributes of a product at different stages of its lifecycle to consider may include:
Waste and materials:
- Reduced waste
- Biobased content
- Recyclable or reusable components
- Energy efficient
- Low embodied energy
- Uses renewable energy
- Water efficient
- Water reuse and recycling
- Responsible stormwater management
Other environmental & health impacts:
- Enhanced indoor environmental quality
- Reduced environmental impact over the lifecycle
- Reduced or eliminated toxic substances
- Sustainable development, smart growth
Recycled-Content Building Materials
Buying recycled-content materials helps ensure that the materials collected in recycling programs will be used again in the manufacture of new products. Examples of construction materials that can be readily found with recycled content include:
- Drywall (many utilize recycled paper and post-industrial gypsum)
- Insulation (including cellulose, mineral wool, fiberglass, and recycled cotton insulation)
- Plastic lumber
- Kitchen countertops
- Glass tiles
- Landscaping materials
- Carpet and carpet padding
All the city schools will begin a new chapter in decentralised waste management during the next academic year by installing biogas units on the campuses.
The Kochi Corporation and Suchitwa Mission have joined hands in imparting the practical lessons in waste processing in city schools.
Earlier, the local body had obtained the clearance from the State authorities for installing the plants in government schools within the city limits. It had also pushed the case of aided and unaided schools in the city as the second phase of the programme.
The other day, the State government issued administrative sanction for installing biogas plants in 54 schools in the city limits including government, aided and un-aided institutions, said T.K. Ashraf, Chairman of the Health Standing Committee of the Kochi Corporation.
The projects will be implemented with the financial support of the Suchitwa Mission.
The agenda of the Corporation Council permitting an agency to set up the units in government schools was passed during the last meeting. Though only one agency had responded to the bid for setting up the units, it was sanctioned at the meeting as the Mayor declared all the agenda passed. The Mayor resorted to passing all the agenda in one stroke as a section of the Congress councillors and LDF members staged a walk out.
The construction of the plants will begin in March when schools will close for the summer vacation. The units would be ready before June, when the educational institutions will reopen. Students will be trained in managing bio-degradable waste at their educational institutions. It would be mostly food waste that would be going into the units. The capacity of the biogas units that are to be provided to the institutions will be proportional to the student strength, he said.
The local body had earlier launched Bhoomika, an awareness programmes on waste management for school students. The students were encouraged to collect plastic refuse from their homes and store them at their schools, which would be picked up by the local body. The students were also provided incentives for the collection.
The local body had also decided to provide nine biogas units and 1,500 pipe compost units to residents of every division as part of the decentralised waste management system. The beneficiaries of these projects were selected by ward meetings. These units will be provided subsidies too, Mr. Ashraf said.
source: The Hindu
The labelling of electrical appliances has helped in making energy efficiency people centric and aided in propagating the concept. Moreover, the Bureau of Energy Efficiency has been working towards taking the sector to a new level and is promoting super efficient appliances in this regard.
SWITCH TO: Efficient Electrical Appliances
Presently, the market is flooded with a wide array of electrical appliances, prominent among them being air conditioners, refrigerators, tubular fluorescent lamps and televisions. With a surge in energy consumption, it is imperative to use super-energy efficient models which would help in reducing the electricity bill.
It is estimated that in the next decade, with an increased use of super efficient appliances (SEA), there would be a three-fold reduction in the electricity bill. An energy efficient appliance is indicated by the number of stars (in colour) on the product, ranging from one star to five-star.
BENEFIT: Some of the advantages of purchasing star labelled electrical appliances are that it helps the consumers reduce energy bills, causes a decline in the capital investment in energy supply infrastructure, strengthens competitive markets while meeting climate change goals and reducing urban/regional pollution.
According to the National Productivity Council, the star rating has boosted the sale of efficient electrical appliances in India.
Sustainability should be the bedrock of fulfilling the ever increasing demand for housing in urban India and this can only be ensured through green buildings.
SWITCH TO: Green Buildings
Burgeoning population, cluttered cities and metropolitans leading to an increase in the waste of natural resources prompted the government to give a serious thought to the concept and construction of green buildings in the country.
Despite the global economic slowdown and sky rocketing demand for energy, experts believe that the need of the hour is to construct smart buildings, which from their very inception, help save energy, environment as well as money.
Market-driven building rating systems such as the Leadership in Energy &Environmental Design (LEED) and Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA), “would motivate leading developers and companies to strive for eternal improvement and in the process, gain extensive advantage in terms of saving energy.”
The Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) vision for 2025 has aimed to create a sustainable environment for all and facilitate India to be one of the world leaders in a sustainably built-environment.
HURDEL: Despite the growth in the green building movement, there are certain hurdles which are obstructing its pace. Since the laws are not mandatory, the builders do not follow the regulations and allied guidelines.” one of the major hurdles in the implementation of the ECBC is that there is no uniform and practicable building energy code, especially for those with passive and solar designs and due to a lack of knowledge, many architects and builders in India consider green building as time consuming and expensive vis-a-vis the conventional ones.
BENEFIT: Procuring the building materials and re-using them would help in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions as there would be a drastic decline in the need to extract, process raw materials and then transport them. The re-used building material helps in reducing the adverse impact on the economy as well as on the environment from waste disposal such as greenhouse gases produced from decomposition and negates the need for new landfills.
Among the old buildings, which received a facelift and have become greener than earlier are Mahindra Towers in Mumbai. Moreover, the Planning Commission is mulling for a major retrofit of the Yojana Bhawan in New Delhi to save energy and cost, apart from setting an example for government building retrofits.
SWITCH TO: Green Homes
Apart from commercial spaces, the concept of greener homes is also gaining ground in the country. The need is to integrate green buildings in the larger framework of water and sanitation infrastructure, wherever possible.
The need to start with a fact-finding mission to understand the needs of the communities, identify suitable technologies to fit those needs, calibrate a policy mechanism to encode it into law and finally, implement that law. “The Residents’ Welfare Associations (RWAs) and Co-operative Housing Societies could be useful tools in the propagation of Green Building concepts”.
While a Bill to regulate the real estate sector has already been placed in the Parliament, to enable an impressive and cohesive Act, its impact would be felt in a significant way not before a decade, even if it were to be implemented most efficiently.
“Mass awareness could enable major competitiveness in the green building sector”